The hottest survey of China's automobile exports i

2022-09-30
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China's automobile export survey: in 2017, 38.2% of enterprises were damaged due to the impact of foreign technical barriers

since China's accession to the WTO, automobiles have developed rapidly, but what is the position of China's automobile exports in the international automobile industry? In addition to tariffs, how does technical barriers, as the most important non-tariff barriers, affect automobile exports

Shanghai Customs and Shanghai motor vehicle testing and Certification Technology Research Center (hereinafter referred to as "Shanghai Automobile Inspection") jointly prepared the blue book of the Research Report on the impact of foreign technical trade measures on China's automobile exports, which makes a comprehensive analysis of the current situation of automobile import and export trade

China's automobile production and sales rank first in the world

according to the data released by the international automobile manufacturers organization, the global automobile production in 2017 was 97.3 million, and China's automobile production was 29.01 million, accounting for 29.82% of the total global automobile production (the diameter of the test bar is 0.3 mm, which can be clamped as shown in the figure below). It is the world's largest automobile production country in which DuPont invested in new technologies last year to improve the flexibility and stress cracking resistance of its Zytel brand resin. At the same time, the sales volume of Chinese cars also ranks first in the world

China's automobile export has just started.

under the situation of booming automobile production and sales in China, automobile export is in its infancy. In 2017, the export volume accounted for only 3.6% of the domestic sales volume, with huge room for improvement and development. In 2016, China's automobile exports amounted to US $11.4 billion, accounting for only 1.6% of global exports, and there was a gap of US $7.4 billion from the Czech Republic (2.7%), which ranks tenth in global automobile exports

China's automobile exports are mainly distributed in developing regions such as the Middle East, Southeast Asia and South America. It has always been the largest market for China's automobile exports. Ranked second, but fluctuated greatly. In 2016, with the massive export of joint venture models, the export of finished vehicles to the United States increased by 828.9% year-on-year. However, because the United States is not the main target market of China's auto industry in the short and medium term, and in the Sino US trade friction, the United States imposes high tariffs on Chinese products, which has a limited impact on China's auto exports

in the context of Sino US trade frictions, we often hear the word "technical trade measures". The so-called technical trade measures are mainly expressed in the form of standards, technical regulations, certification, inspection and testing, registration, verification, licensing, animal and plant quarantine and food safety measures, which affect trade by increasing trade costs, improving access difficulties, and promoting export risks

in order to further understand the impact of foreign technical trade measures on domestic automobile exports, under the guidance of China's wto/tbt national notification and consultation center and the strong support of the national customs and automobile export enterprises, Shanghai Customs and Shanghai automobile inspection carried out a sampling questionnaire survey of national automobile export enterprises

the scope of this sampling survey is products with the top four HS codes 8702 (passenger cars, 10 seats and above), 8703 (passenger cars) and 8704 (trucks). Taking into account the size and geographical distribution of enterprises, the survey selected 200 enterprises whose export amount accounted for 73% of the total amount, and added 15 new force car manufacturing enterprises

the survey results show that in 2017, 38.2% of enterprises were affected by technical measures such as foreign certification, testing, standard changes, customs clearance barriers, and the loss accounted for 5.8% of the export volume. According to the annual report on the development of China's automobile industry (2018), the profit margin of China's automobile industry in 2017 was 8%. In 2017, the direct loss of China's automobile exports caused by foreign technical trade measures was about 3.6 billion yuan, and the new cost was 1.7 billion yuan, a total of 5.3 billion people's dollars (about 815 million US dollars)

the following are the key points of this survey report:

key point 1: independent brands are more significantly affected by losses

the figure below shows the proportion of enterprises of different brand types affected by foreign technical trade measures. It can be clearly seen that independent brands are more significantly affected than joint venture brands

key 2: for Chinese cars, foreign access conditions are harsh

in the survey, for "what problems do you often encounter in automobile export", enterprises choose "the other side has high registration/certification fees, long process, or harsh conditions" for 334 times, and each enterprise encounters such problems in more than two export target markets on average. The technical barriers to automobile export come from market access, post market supervision and border access, and the stringent requirements from market access are far ahead

key 3: the EU, the United States and Iran have a greater impact

in addition, enterprises are affected by technical trade measures of different countries/regions. The results show that the technical trade measures of Russia, the EU, the United States and Iran have a greater impact on China's automobile export enterprises

key 4: environmental protection and safety become the main technical "threshold"

the following figure is the survey results of enterprises encountering different technical requirements from abroad. The data shows that environmental protection, passive safety and active safety have become the main technical "threshold" set by foreign technical trade measures for China's automobile export enterprises

key five: Enterprises' response is slightly insufficient

as shown in the table below, only 41.9% of enterprises know in advance the implementation of foreign technical trade measures, and it is most common to seek the help of local dealers and third-party institutions in response. Therefore, the market of third-party compliance service institutions has broad market prospects

key 6: the core parts of independent brands have both ups and downs

for foreign trade sanctions, the most fundamental solution is to develop independent brands. From the perspective of supply chain security, the automotive industry shown in this survey has a high degree of global supply chain characteristics, and the supply of core parts is diversified. The situation of choosing core components of independent brands is mixed, with 22.5% of enterprises not choosing any core components of independent brands. However, in the automotive sector, more than one-third of enterprises use energy storage devices (mainly power batteries) and motors of their own brands, accounting for 42% and 34% respectively

China's automobile future export forecast

the survey results also show that enterprises most want to obtain the certification of ASEAN countries in the next three years, followed by the certification of Gulf countries, which are mainly countries along the "" line. 53.6% of enterprises hope to export new energy vehicles in the next three years, and the export bottleneck is concentrated in the access policies and supporting facilities

since 2000, the project team of ASEAN, Gulf countries, Africa and the southern common market, the main export regions in the future, has been committed to the research field of the foundation and industrialization of polyglutamic acid and polylysine, and the future export region of Russian new energy vehicles. ASEAN, the European Union and the Southern common market, the main obstacles to the future export of new energy vehicles, access policies, infrastructure and safety standards

three suggestions are put forward: 1 Government departments should better support the "going out" of Chinese cars at low speed, take the initiative to deal with trade frictions, and promote international mutual recognition of car certification; 2、 Domestic automobile production enterprises must work hard to improve the level of key technologies and deeply cultivate the the Belt and Road market; 3、 Local testing and certification institutions should be bigger and stronger, provide strong support for the export of finished vehicles, closely follow the development trend of foreign advanced automotive technical regulations, and improve the influence and authority of testing institutions

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